What is Dysgraphia Why Dyslexia and Dysgraphia are Different
What is Dysgraphia Why Dyslexia and Dysgraphia are Different

What Is Dysgraphia? Why Dyslexia and Dysgraphia Are Different

Dysgraphia is one of the lesser-discussed learning disorders, but that doesn’t mean it isn’t prevalent. It’s estimated that around 7-15% of children in the classroom have Dysgraphia of some kind. And, despite more people using technology than ever, dysgraphia still causes issues for many who struggle to write on those occasions they don’t have access to technology.

But what is Dysgraphia? And what’s the difference between Dyslexia and Dysgraphia?

Let’s take a closer look and try to understand this neurodevelopmental disorder in greater detail.

What Is Dysgraphia?

Dysgraphia is a condition which can cause difficulty in forming letters, staying within margins, and following lines. It can also lead to trouble with sentence structure. The symptoms of dysgraphia are not limited to writing; they may also include problems with spelling and memory.

There are three types of Dysgraphia. These are:

Dyslexic Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia can cause children to struggle to write without having their words traced or copied. As the word, sentence, or assignment progresses, writing skills tend to decrease. Many with dyslexic dysgraphia struggle with spelling, though they usually don’t have issues with motor skills.

Motor Dysgraphia

Motor dysgraphia can be seen as the opposite to dyslexic dysgraphia, where a person can have sound language skills in general, but struggle to physically write the words on paper. The end result is often illegible handwriting and mistyped phrases on a keyboard.

Spatial Dysgraphia

Spatial Dysgraphia causes issues with the relationship between pen and paper. It’s the inability to perceive the space in which the writing takes place. A student can be sound at spelling and have the motor skills for legible handwriting, but may struggle without guides such as lined paper.

What Causes Dysgraphia?

It can be caused by a number of different factors, including brain injury, disease, or degenerative conditions. Developmental dysgraphia occurs in children who have difficulty learning to write and often impacts their academic performance.

What is known, however, is that the parietal lobe in the brain as a huge role to play in those with dysgraphia. So whether it’s from birth, or acquired later in life, it’s a disturbance in the parietal lobe that affects the ability to write.

What Are the Symptoms of Dysgraphia?

Symptoms of dysgraphia can vary, but often include difficulty with handwriting, poor spelling, difficulty reading and poor grammar. People with dysgraphia may also have trouble with organization and have difficulty with time management, which is often linked to other neurodevelopmental disorders such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Most people who have dyslexia and dysgraphia are identified as children when they learn to write. However, the condition may remain undiagnosed until adulthood, especially in cultures where poor handwriting is dismissed as a side-product of behavioral issues.

The symptoms of dysgraphia can vary over time, and sometimes they are very subtle. So it is important to keep track of any changes you notice. If you think you or your child may have dysgraphia, be sure to talk to your doctor about it!

pen and paper
What is Dysgraphia?

How is Dysgraphia Diagnosed?

Dysgraphia is diagnosed through a series of tests that measure a person’s ability to write, including their ability to spell words correctly and to produce written sentences that are grammatically correct. The tests also look at a person’s handwriting and how well they can organize their thoughts on paper.

Dysgraphia is diagnosed through a variety of tests, including clinical psychologist assessments and IQ tests. Often, dysgraphia is diagnosed in pre-school and early school-age children, as it can be difficult to identify when it co-occurs with other neurological disorders. The condition is often accompanied by other neurodevelopmental conditions such as ADHD, SLI and autism spectrum disorder.

A diagnosis of dysgraphia may include a review of the individual’s medical history, as well as a series of intelligence tests and motor skills assessment. This information will help clinicians determine if the individual meets the criteria for dysgraphia.

How is Dysgraphia Treated?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as dysgraphia can be treated in a variety of ways depending on the severity of the condition and the individual’s needs. Common treatments for dyslexia and dysgraphia include tutoring, accommodations in the classroom, and assistive technology.

However, common interventions include accommodations in the classroom, such as preferential seating or extra time to complete assignments; occupational therapy; and additional one-to-one tutor support in the classroom. Some people with dysgraphia may also need help with handwriting remediation.

Dysgraphia Doesn’t Have to Hold You Back

Despite these challenges, many people with dysgraphia go on to have successful careers thanks to the use of assisted technology that allows them to thrive in settings traditionally not accommodating of their needs. So with the right help and support, overcoming the challenges faced by dysgraphia is an incredibly rewarding and life-changing experience.

Keep reading to learn more in our What is Neurodiversity series!

pen and paper
Dyslexia and Dysgraphia Are Different
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30-Something Millennial with ADHD and suspected Autistic and Dyspraxic. Thought leader behind this website. Big visions of a better future for everyone, but forgets where he is half the time.Loves Rugby, his kids, and anything silly. Hates U2 and Marmite.

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