Motor Disorders

Is Dyspraxia a Disability?

what is dyspraxia
what is dyspraxia

Last Updated on

April 30th, 2024 09:22 am

Did you know that up to 6% of the population have Dyspraxia, often misunderstood, lives in these everyday moments for many. It’s a neurological condition that affects movement and coordination, but its status as a disability remains under debate.

In unpacking the intricacies of Dyspraxia, we begin to see its profound impact on those it touches, most notably children, who must navigate a world not built with their unique challenges in mind.

Here we delve into what Dyspraxia is, the difficulties it presents, the ways it’s diagnosed, and the therapies available, culminating in an exploration of whether Dyspraxia should be classified as a disability under legal and social definitions.

Join us as we unravel the complex tapestry that is Dyspraxia and its place in our understanding of disabilities.

Understanding Dyspraxia

Dyspraxia, otherwise known as Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), is characterized by an impairment in fine and gross motor skills, and coordination challenges. However, the question of whether Dyspraxia is considered a disability is nuanced.

While it is not a physical disability in the conventional sense, it is indeed a neurological disorder that impacts daily functioning, making it recognized as a disability in some contexts.

This is because Dyspraxia can significantly affect an individual’s ability to perform common physical activities and maintain the pace of learning in educational settings.

What is Dyspraxia?

Dyspraxia is a developmental disorder that affects motor skill development, leading to difficulty in carrying out tasks requiring physical movement. It is not a direct reflection of intellectual abilities, as people with Dyspraxia can possess varying cognitive levels.

The disorder can manifest as challenges such as poor hand-eye coordination and difficulties with movements that require precision, affecting both children and adults.

Children with Dyspraxia might struggle with basic motor skills such as crawling or walking and may be described as having “clumsy child syndrome.” As they grow, Dyspraxia can impact their ability to engage smoothly in physical activities such as sports, writing, or simple daily activities like dressing and feeding themselves.

School-aged children with Dyspraxia may need extra time or specific support to manage their educational tasks effectively.

The identification of Dyspraxia involves an assessment of the individual’s motor skills, balance, and coordination in children, as well as considering their developmental history.

Parents of children with Dyspraxia often work closely with occupational therapists and physical therapists to tailor interventions that can enhance their child’s abilities to navigate movement difficulties.

Causes of Dyspraxia

The exact cause of Dyspraxia is not yet fully understood, but it is commonly accepted that it involves the brain’s development. It is often considered a neurological disorder, with an underlying issue in the way that motor neurons develop and control muscles.

This developmental immaturity may interfere with the brain’s ability to plan and execute physical movements accurately.

Research into Dyspraxia has pointed towards potential genetic factors, suggesting a hereditary component may be at play. Studies have identified that certain genes may influence the likelihood of developing Dyspraxia, indicating that children may inherit this disorder from their parents.

Additionally, it is considered that the formation of neural connections affecting movement and coordination within the brain can be disrupted, leading to the symptoms associated with Dyspraxia.

Despite these insights, there is still much to learn about the precise biological mechanisms that lead to Dyspraxia. What remains clear is the need to support people affected by Dyspraxia through targeted interventions. These interventions, including speech therapy, occupational therapy, and physical therapy, aim to improve functional abilities and promote independence in daily and educational activities.

The Impact of Dyspraxia on Children

The challenges that Dyspraxia presents can be substantial, particularly for children grappling with its effects. It goes beyond mere clumsiness; children with Dyspraxia often encounter significant hurdles when it comes to mastering basic tasks that most of us take for granted, such as dressing, brushing teeth, and tying shoelaces. These activities all demand a degree of coordination that may not come easily to a child with Dyspraxia.

Given that these children might shun physical activities due to coordination difficulties, there’s a risk of secondary issues such as weight gain and deteriorating physical health. In its early stages, Dyspraxia can delay foundational skills in young children including crawling, walking, and talking.

Moreover, the disorder can spur challenges in academic settings. For instance, fine motor skill impediments can hamper writing abilities, which is critical for subjects that rely heavily on literacy and essay writing.

Yet, it’s not all dire. With encouragement, patience, and consistent practice, many children with Dyspraxia can and do improve over time. Tasks that initially seem daunting, like writing neatly, participating in sports, and honing fine motor skills, can be developed with the appropriate support and interventions.

Physical Challenges

One of the most visible signs of Dyspraxia in children is delayed developmental milestones. Skills such as crawling, walking, self-feeding, and dressing independently may take longer to emerge compared to peers. Fine motor skills suffer as well; actions like gripping a pencil, cutting with scissors, or building with blocks can be laborious tasks for a child with Dyspraxia.

The disorder also throws a wrench into the natural flow of coordination, complicating simple rhythmic movements like hopping, skipping, or catching and throwing a ball. Due to their coordination struggles, children with Dyspraxia may exhibit behaviors such as hand flapping or fidgeting and may have messy eating and drinking habits.

Motor Skills and Coordination Difficulties

Dyspraxia, the developmental coordination disorder (DCD), introduces an array of motor skills and coordination challenges for affected people. For children, this can lead to impediments in performing daily tasks, such as writing legibly, tying shoelaces quickly, or maintaining balance during various physical activities.

Boy learning how to ride a bike wearing helmet with dad smiling at him with pride

Dyspraxia affects many activities that children love to do, such as riding a bike!

Diagnosing DCD can be complex, as the symptoms often overlap with those of other conditions and generally become evident early in a child’s development. A holistic, long-term treatment regimen that encompasses educational strategies, physical therapy, occupational therapy, and social skills training is typically necessary to help those with DCD adapt and thrive.

Key to managing DCD is also an emphasis on physical education and daily exercise, including individual sports such as swimming or cycling, which can significantly enhance coordination and mitigate the risk of obesity.

Intellectual Abilities and Learning Difficulties

It’s essential to underscore that Dyspraxia does not significantly affect an individual’s intellectual abilities. Many people with Dyspraxia present with average or above-average intelligence as their cognitive capabilities aren’t directly compromised by the disorder. The primary struggle for those with Dyspraxia lies in coordinating and executing motor tasks rather than in cognitive processing.

The motor skills difficulties that characterize Dyspraxia can extend into adulthood, impacting an individual’s ability to easily acquire and perform everyday life skills. This can affect education, job performance, and the capacity to participate fully in leisure activities.

The learning challenges that arise are more related to the execution of tasks, such as typing or riding a bicycle, rather than understanding or intellectual comprehension.

Social and Emotional Challenges

Dyspraxia can usher in a host of social and emotional challenges. These can profoundly affect both the private and public lives of people with the condition.

Socially, maintaining lasting friendships and participating comfortably in group settings can be daunting. Emotionally, behaviors may appear unusual or out of sync when engaging with others.

Children with Dyspraxia often experience hesitation in their actions and slower responses, which can lead to misconceptions about their social capabilities. Even understanding spatial concepts, like mastering the concept of ‘in’ and ‘out’, can prove to be an arduous task.

Thus, interpersonal relationships and daily social interactions can become areas requiring significant support and understanding for those with Dyspraxia.

Diagnosing Dyspraxia

Recognizing and properly diagnosing Dyspraxia can be challenging, especially since this condition manifests with a variance in developmental rates amongst children. As such, Dyspraxia is often not identified until later in childhood, usually not before a child reaches the age of 5. This delay in diagnosis stems from the subtlety of early signposts that can easily be misattributed to a child simply developing at their own pace.

Unlike other medical conditions, there are no definitive tests for Dyspraxia like bloodwork or imaging scans. Instead, the diagnosis is determined through a thorough evaluation of the child’s motor skills, taking into account their impact on daily life, the onset of symptoms, and by eliminating the probability of other disorders that could explain the symptoms.

The assessment is traditionally interdisciplinary, involving a pediatrician, neuropsychologists, educational psychologists, occupational therapists, and often speech therapists for a comprehensive appraisal.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 5 (DSM-5) outlines specific criteria for Dyspraxia, with the stipulation that the diagnosis cannot be made if the motor skills difficulties can be accounted for by other conditions like cerebral palsy or sensory deficits.

Due to the complexity of the disorder and potential overlap with other developmental or neurological conditions, a team of health care professionals is critical to accurately diagnosing Dyspraxia.

Symptoms and Signs of Dyspraxia

The gamut of symptoms and signs associated with Dyspraxia can present in various aspects of a child’s life, from gross motor coordination to fine motor precision. Commonly, children with Dyspraxia may experience challenges with balance and posture, which can manifest early on as difficulty mastering coordination skills such as walking, running, or jumping.

These children might also struggle with fine motor tasks that require hand dexterity, like holding a pencil correctly, which significantly affects clarity in writing, or with specific oral movements, influencing speech pronunciation.

In the early years, signs can include delayed developmental milestones, atypical bodily positions, heightened irritability, and heightened sensitivity to sensory inputs such as loud noises. Additionally, issues in fine and gross motor skills may present as trouble with writing, artwork, clumsiness displayed through hand flapping, fidgeting, or lack of coordination in activities like hopping or catching a ball.

Moreover, these motor skill complexities can ripple into learning and social spheres, making everyday processes like organization, following instructions, and forming friendships more difficult and often leading to lower self-esteem.

The Diagnostic Process

The journey to a Dyspraxia diagnosis demands detailed examination by healthcare specialists such as clinical psychologists, educational psychologists, pediatricians, and occupational therapists. This multi-faceted team will collaborate to conduct a full review of the child’s developmental history, assess intellectual ability, and evaluate both fine and gross motor skills. Essential to this process is the observation and assessment of tasks such as running, throwing, and the more fine-tuned skill of manipulating small objects or handwriting.

Health professionals will inquire about key milestones in development, such as the ages at which the child began to walk or talk. Assessing motor skill milestones helps in distinguishing whether the issues are part of a wider developmental lag or if they are indicative of Dyspraxia. Parents or guardians suspecting Dyspraxia in their child are encouraged to seek medical advice from a doctor or specialist who can guide them toward an official diagnosis.

Differentiating Dyspraxia from Other Conditions

In differentiating Dyspraxia from related conditions, particularly apraxia, it’s essential to recognize that Dyspraxia is a condition usually observed from birth, while apraxia is often acquired after brain injury or stroke.

Apraxia can manifest as an inability to execute a planned movement despite understanding the task and wanting to complete it, and it can be categorized into subtypes like childhood apraxia of speech or limb-kinetic apraxia, which can signal a more severe impairment than Dyspraxia.

Dyspraxia, on the other hand, involves an individual struggling with executing tasks efficiently or accurately but not with a complete loss of ability. It’s a lifelong neurological disorder that impairs a person’s physical coordination and persists into adulthood.

Understanding these distinctions is important for healthcare providers to make accurate diagnoses and for families and educators to provide appropriate support for those affected.

The Role of Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) plays an indispensable role in assisting people with Dyspraxia, a neurological disorder that affects physical coordination. Occupational therapists employ a specialized skill set to enhance their patients’ ability to carry out daily tasks efficaciously, despite challenges with motor skills.

For those with Dyspraxia, small tasks like writing, dressing, or preparing meals can be daunting. Occupational therapists enter the picture to deliver practical strategies and interventions to help patients navigate these tasks with greater independence and less frustration.

With a focus on fine motor skills, OTs work with patients to improve movements and coordination frequently used in activities like writing. For instance, they may introduce methods to hold writing instruments that are tailored to an individual’s specific needs, thereby optimizing their handwriting ability.

Moreover, occupational therapists can be vital liaisons within educational settings, often collaborating with teachers and school administrators to implement necessary adaptations that support academic achievement.

In cases where handwriting becomes too challenging, OTs guide patients toward alternative technological solutions, such as using computers and adaptive devices, to ensure educational objectives and workplace tasks can still be met.

Continued occupational therapy sessions not only help in refining coordination but also play a vital role in curbing fatigue, managing weight, and empowering patients with Dyspraxia to maintain autonomy throughout their daily activities.

How Occupational Therapy Helps Children with Dyspraxia

Children with Dyspraxia face unique hurdles as they develop. Their difficulties with motor skills and coordination can interfere with academic progress, social integration, and participation in physical activities.

Occupational therapy is instrumental in these young lives, providing them with the strategies and tools to cope with these challenges. By focusing on enhancing motor skills, OT enables children to gain mastery over tasks that once seemed out of reach, such as gripping a pencil or securing buttons on clothing.

A key element of this therapeutic intervention is teaching compensatory strategies. These are methods that allow kids with Dyspraxia to approach a task from a different angle—utilizing their strengths to counterbalance their weaknesses. For example, a child who struggles with handwriting might learn how to structure their writing space and use ergonomic pens to ease the process.

Occupational therapists also work to bolster social skills and self-confidence by helping children find ways to participate in group activities and assert their competence in various scenarios.

Through the collaborative effort of therapists, educators, and parents, children with Dyspraxia can experience significant improvements not just in functional capabilities but also in their overall quality of life.

Therapeutic Techniques and Interventions

While Dyspraxia, known as developmental coordination disorder, does not have a cure, it can be effectively managed with the right therapeutic interventions. Occupational therapy, along with physical therapy, is at the forefront of treatment strategies aimed at improving motor skills and coordination.

Employing task-oriented intervention, this form of therapy focuses on enhancing the ability to perform specific activities that people with Dyspraxia might find challenging.

Occupational therapists are proficient in breaking down complex tasks into smaller, more manageable sequences, simplifying the learning process for those with Dyspraxia. By gradually building upon each step, therapists help people gain confidence and proficiency in carrying out routine tasks.

Although Dyspraxia is a lifelong condition, by employing a personalized mix of education, physical intervention, and social skills training, occupational therapists help pave a path toward greater independence and improved daily functioning for their patients.

The Benefits of Occupational Therapy for Dyspraxia

Occupational therapy stands as a cornerstone in the support structure for people with Dyspraxia, especially children. Through targeted interventions, OT provides invaluable assistance in helping them surmount barriers associated with motor skills and coordination issues. This form of therapy can yield myriad benefits that stretch beyond basic motor skill enhancement.

One of the remarkable advantages of occupational therapy is its adaptability; interventions can be as varied as the needs of the children participating in them. For instance, therapeutic horse riding, also known as hippotherapy, has been shown to offer cognitive, emotional, and physical benefits for those with Dyspraxia.

Embracing such diverse methodologies enables OT to address not just the immediate coordination challenges, but also broader developmental goals, including social skills acquisition and overall improvement in the child’s quality of life.

By harnessing a range of strategies and tools—including both conventional and innovative therapies—occupational therapy helps in developing key life skills. As children with Dyspraxia engage in OT, they often discover new ways to express their capabilities, which can significantly assist them in social settings and future workplace environments.

Ultimately, occupational therapy is a transformative intervention that can help children with Dyspraxia navigate their world with more assurance and autonomy.

Other Therapies and Interventions for Dyspraxia

While occupational therapy remains a staple in managing Dyspraxia, a holistic approach often encompasses additional therapies and interventions to address the various challenges people with this condition face. Physical therapy is pivotal for enhancing motor skills and coordination, focusing on developing strength and dexterity.

This type of therapy works complementary to occupational therapy, emphasizing gross motor skills that are vital for basic movements and posture.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) also emerges as a supportive intervention, assisting those with Dyspraxia to tackle psychological barriers. It helps them develop coping strategies for their daily challenges, promoting positive behavioral changes and emotional well-being.

Moreover, maintaining an active lifestyle through regular exercise is recommended as it can foster better coordination, help manage fatigue, and prevent weight gain, which can exacerbate motor difficulties. Collectively, these supportive therapies and approaches form a robust framework, empowering people with Dyspraxia to navigate their world with increased competence and confidence.

Speech Therapy for Dyspraxia

The nuances of speech require precise coordination, which can be a challenge for people with Dyspraxia. Speech therapy, or oromotor Dyspraxia intervention, is tailored to support those who grapple with articulation. Speech therapists work with clients to enhance clarity and coherence of speech, addressing issues such as slurred speech and difficulties with pronunciation.

During oromotor Dyspraxia therapy, speech therapists employ task-oriented intervention strategies, meticulously identifying and tackling each specific speech challenge. The goal is to boost speech intelligibility through targeted exercises that improve the coordination of speech-related muscle movements.

By integrating speech therapy into the comprehensive care plan, people with Dyspraxia can gain critical communication skills essential for social interaction and personal development.

Physical Therapy for Dyspraxia

Physical therapy serves as a cornerstone in the treatment of Dyspraxia, offering tailored approaches to improve gross motor skills and overall coordination. Therapists specializing in physical treatment of Dyspraxia deploy task-oriented intervention techniques, breaking down activities into smaller steps to master each movement. This methodical process allows people to methodically overcome their motor challenges.

Tools and adaptive equipment, such as specially designed grips for writing utensils, are often introduced to facilitate ease in daily tasks. Through individualized treatment plans, physical therapy not only focuses on the enhancement of motor skills but also nurtures self-confidence and the desire for independence among children and adults with Dyspraxia. While Dyspraxia persists throughout one’s life, consistent and specialized physical therapy can substantially improve the quality of life for those affected.

Equine Therapy and Other Alternative Approaches

Equine therapy has emerged as a promising alternative intervention for people with Dyspraxia. This therapeutic approach, involving horse riding, is known to aid in improving balance, gait, and even cognitive functions. A notable study comprising 40 children with Dyspraxia revealed that equine therapy, combined with an audiovisual component, can yield significant benefits.

During the course of equine therapy, participants engage in structured horse-riding sessions alongside additional therapeutic activities, such as audiovisual screenings. Researchers in Europe have observed that the multisensory nature of equine therapy can have a positive impact on cognitive and physical abilities in children with Dyspraxia.

Such alternative therapies, which integrate conventional treatment with novel approaches, potentially offer a well-rounded and enriching experience for those seeking ways to manage the intricacies of Dyspraxia.

Living with Dyspraxia: Challenges and Strategies

Living with Dyspraxia presents unique challenges that can affect many aspects of an individual’s life, from basic motor skills and coordination to accomplishing daily activities and achieving academically.

Despite being considered a hidden or invisible disability, its impact is far-reaching, influencing both physical movement and intellectual abilities. It is not merely a learning difficulty but instead requires a comprehensive and personalized treatment plan.

Occupational therapy and physical therapy are commonly included in these individualized treatment plans, specifically tailored to enhance motor skills and coordination. With the right approach, patience, and practice, the hurdles presented by Dyspraxia can be scaled.

The condition demands persistent efforts, but with an improved understanding and implementation of repetitive tasks and strategies, natural pathways in the brain can be reinforced. This, in turn, fosters better motor coordination and skill development, and consequently, an improving outlook for those living with Dyspraxia.

Many celebrities and famous people with Dyspraxia have spoken out about the condition in recent years, further highlighting that no matter what your adversities are, you can achieve anything.

Coping with Everyday Activities

Menial tasks that many take for granted—such as self-care routines, writing, or even riding a bicycle—pose significant challenges for people with Dyspraxia. The co-occurring difficulties amplify daily struggles, often encompassing issues with social-emotional skills and poor executive functioning, like time management and organizational skills.

Precise movements required for handling tools or machinery can be particularly challenging due to poor hand-eye coordination. Furthermore, Dyspraxia can impact an individual’s ability to keep time, organize themselves, and navigate unfamiliar places, all of which are essential for leading an independent life.

Structuring written work, producing content by hand quickly, and participating in physical activities also tend to be areas of struggle due to the coordination demands these tasks impose.

Navigating School and Learning Environments

For school-aged children with Dyspraxia, academic institutions can be both a place of potential growth and significant challenge. Extra time allowances during exams are sometimes necessary as dyspraxic students work to synchronize their thoughts with their motor capacity—a process that can be laborious and time-consuming.

One-on-one support from tutors experienced in teaching students with Dyspraxia can offer personalized learning strategies and invaluable assistance.

Dyspraxia is indeed recognized as a special educational need, warranting tailored support to help students thrive. Although there is no cure for Dyspraxia, occupational therapy and physical therapy have proven beneficial in enhancing affected people’s capabilities within a learning context.

Teachers and parents play a pivotal role in providing the understanding and support that children with Dyspraxia require to process information, organize movements, and follow complex instructions.

Social and Emotional Well-being

Beyond physical coordination difficulties, Dyspraxia can considerably impact social interactions. Social skills are often affected, and children with Dyspraxia may exhibit behaviors that seem inappropriate for their age, despite having average or above-average intellect.

This mismatch can lead to social and emotional challenges, impacting how they engage with peers and manage social situations.

Adults with Dyspraxia continue to confront similar hurdles, with social challenges and workplace integration being prominent among them. Complex emotions, learning new tasks, and personal self-care are areas that can cause frustration and anxiety.

Recognizing the impact of Dyspraxia on social and emotional well-being is crucial, highlighting the need for strategies that address not just physical, but also social and emotional needs of people grappling with Dyspraxia.

Dyspraxia as a Disability

Dyspraxia, also known as Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), marks its presence on the disability spectrum due to the substantial and enduring impact it has on an individual’s ability to carry out daily activities. Under the Equality Act 2010 in the United Kingdom, Dyspraxia is classified as a disability, ensuring protection from discrimination and entitlement to reasonable workplace adjustments.

This neurological developmental disability is inherent from birth, manifesting itself as a challenge in the planning and execution of movements, tied to the developmental maturation of specific areas within the brain.

While Dyspraxia may be less visible than some other disabilities such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, its effects are no less significant, often presenting lifelong hurdles. It affects both the execution of physical movements and cognitive processes, such as organization, time management, and strategic planning.

Moreover, many people with Dyspraxia experience comorbidities with conditions such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Apraxia of speech, magnifying the complexity of their disability.

The Definition of Disability

A disability is broadly defined as a physical or mental condition that limits a person’s movements, senses, or activities. Dyspraxia aligns with this definition as it entails persistent complications in voluntary physical coordination and can have a marked adverse effect on a child or adult’s life.

Although not a specific learning disability in the United States, it qualifies under broader disability categories due to the significant influence it can exert on an individual’s learning and general functioning.

Children with Dyspraxia often require tailored educational support, highlighting the disability’s status within the learning context.

Importantly, while Dyspraxia carries the label of ‘disorder’ for many, its categorization under disability law affirms the considerable and lasting challenges those with the condition face.

How Dyspraxia Fits into the Disability Spectrum

Dyspraxia, despite often being unseen, fits into the disability spectrum as its challenges are pervasive, extending beyond motor skills to encompass mental processes. Around 10% of the population experiences Dyspraxia, comprising a mix of physical and cognitive barriers that people must navigate throughout their lives.

It is this combination that has led to Dyspraxia being recognized under the Equality Act as a learning disability, conferring upon affected people certain legal protections and rights to reasonable adjustments in both education and the workplace.

With disorders that are part of the neurodivergent spectrum like Dyspraxia, the focus is often on embracing different ways of thinking and interacting with the world. However, the label of ‘disability’ can be instrumental in ensuring societal recognition and accommodation.

Legal Rights and Protections for People with Dyspraxia

In the UK, the Equality Act 2010 serves as the cornerstone for protection and legal rights for people with Dyspraxia. This act requires that reasonable accommodations be made in various aspects of life, including education, employment, and access to services, to alleviate the challenges posed by Dyspraxia and prevent discrimination.

These accommodations may manifest as specialized learning support in schools or modified tasks and tools at work that cater to an individual’s unique coordination and motor difficulties.

Globally, while protections and definitions may vary, the recognition of Dyspraxia under disability law acknowledges the importance of adapting environments and processes to enable those with the condition to reach their full potential and contribute effectively to society.

Challenges and Barriers Faced by People with Dyspraxia

People with Dyspraxia navigate a world that is often not tailored to their differing motor skills and coordination needs. At work, difficulties with tasks that require fine motor skills, such as typing or utilizing specific tools, surface prominently.

The cognitive aspects of Dyspraxia mean that organizational skills and time management may also be areas of difficulty, translating into potential hurdles in both personal and professional domains.

In academic environments, the slow processing of information and challenges in consistent motor skill application often curtail a student’s ability to keep pace with their peers.

That said, people with Dyspraxia can exhibit excellent communication skills and often display a particular strength in empathetic leadership and delegating tasks. Despite the challenges, with appropriate accommodations and support, people with Dyspraxia can adapt and excel across various facets of life.

Learn More About Dyspraxia

Dyspraxia can be considered a disability due to the significant impact it can have on an individual’s motor skills, coordination, and overall functioning. It poses unique challenges and barriers in various aspects of life, including education and employment.

However, it is important to recognize that people with Dyspraxia also possess strengths, such as excellent communication skills and empathetic leadership. With the right accommodations and support, they can navigate these challenges and thrive in society.

By understanding Dyspraxia as a disability and working towards inclusivity and accessibility, we can create a more equitable and supportive environment for everyone.

Check out our further reading on Dyspraxia to learn more!

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Rob Butler
30-Something Millennial with ADHD and suspected Autistic and Dyspraxic. Thought leader behind this website. Big visions of a better future for everyone, but forgets where he is half the time.Loves Rugby, his kids, and anything silly. Hates U2 and Marmite.

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